When estimating structural quantities in embodiedcarbon.tool, cove.tool uses commonly accepted standards for member sizing. The tool provides a conservative estimate of structural material by providing approximate sizes for the typical worst-case member, and assuming all like-type members are similar. [Link to sizing methods article(s)]

When estimating structural quantities, cove.tool uses validated industry standards and engineering best practices, adhering to the guidelines laid out in the following standards:

  • ACI 316-19, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary is used in the estimation of concrete structural members, including substructure and foundation elements.

  • ANSI/AISC 360-16, Specification for Structural Steel Buildings is used in the estimation of structural steel elements, primarily beams, girders, and columns.

  • SJI 100-2020, Load Tables and Weight Tables for Steel Joists and Joist Girders has been used to select reasonable configurations for estimating material quantities in open-web steel joists.

  • 2018 NDS, 2018 National Design Specification (NDS) for Wood Construction is used to inform estimates for mass timber elements, including glued laminated timber (glulam) frames and cross-laminated timber (CLT) elements.

  • IBC 2018, 2018 International Building Code is used for live load conditions and other general requirements.

  • ANSI/SDI C-2017, Standard for Composite Steel Floor Deck-Slabs is used for estimating quantities for composite steel floor deck elements.

  • SDI FDDM2, Floor Deck Design Manual, 2nd Ed. is used for estimating and industry standards in floor deck design.

  • SDI RDDM2, Roof Deck Design Manual, 2nd Ed. is used for estimating and industry standards in floor deck design.

Happy Modeling!


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